Our new mixed mode DSTAR repeaters.

There are two D-STAR repeaters in Waynesboro! 
Waynesboro’s VHF DSTAR repeater: 145.23 MHz (-600 KHz transmit offset)
Coverage:  100% of the City of Waynesboro including Burke Medical Center & Burke Co. EMA
Repeater brand/model: Yaesu DR-1X repeater
Tx/Rx modes: DSTAR and/or FM depending on the signal received (mixed mode)
Antenna: 4-bay folded dipole approximately 400 ft.(above sea level)
Heliax/hardline: Commscope 1/2″ Heliax
Waynesboro’s UHF DSTAR repeater: 444.100 MHz (+5.000 MHz transmit offset)
Coverage:  approximately 80% of the CSRA
Repeater brand/models: Yaesu DR-1X repeater
Tx/Rx modes: DSTAR and/or FM depending on the signal received (mixed mode)
Antennas: 4-bay folded dipole approximately 470 ft.(above sea level)
Heliax/hardline: Commscope 7/8″ Heliax
For the present time, we are leaving the D-STAR part of the repeater connected to reflector 030B, the GA ARES® reflector.  Feel free to change to whatever reflector you like, but please change the reflector back to 030 B when you’re finished using the repeater.
How it works:
A small, fairly inexpensive device called a UDRC-II that is available from Northwest Digital Radio at http://nwdigitalradio.com is what makes the repeater work as an analog FM, C4FM Fusion or D-STAR repeater.  The UDRC-II’s 40-pin connector plugs directly into the pins on a $35 Raspberry Pi 3.

For $89, the UDRC-II  comes with a cable that is ready made for the DR-1X Yaesu repeater and the UDRC-II.  As soon as you plug it into the repeater and turn it on, the UDRC-II and Raspberry Pi “light up,” take over the controller duties from the DR-1X’s built-in controller, and set the mode of the Yaesu repeater to “AUTO.” 

When an analog FM signal comes in, it lets the repeater’s internal controller take over and the repeater operates just as it always has receiving and re-transmitting a standard FM signal. 

When a D-STAR signal comes into the repeater, the UDRC-II’s controller takes over and shifts the mode of the repeater from “AUTO” to “FIX” as shown on the repeater’s front panel.  You hear no audio through the repeater’s speaker and the repeater’s microphone doesn’t work.  About 2 or 3 seconds after a D-STAR transmission ends, the repeater shifts back to “AUTO” mode.  It’s actually pretty cool to watch repeater and its lights work!

Everything is working perfectly on this new system and local stations are able to connect to all D-STAR reflectors including world-wide reflectors.  A list of all reflectors are available by following this link.

FM stations cannot communicate with D-STAR stations, but the two modes (plus Fusion) coexist very nicely on this one repeater as long as a D-STAR op doesn’t try to communicate at the same time as an FM op. 

By the way, when a D-STAR conversation is going on on the 444.1 repeater, analog FM users hear nothing – and vice versa.  The only indication of a conversation in a different mode from your mode is that the signal strength meter on your transceiver will show transmit power from the repeater.  So, a person with an analog FM transceiver tuned to 444.1 wouldn’t even know that an entire 10 or 15 minute D-STAR conversation had happened on 444.1 unless he had looked down at his transceiver’s signal strength meter!